Stands for "Chemical Vapor Deposition." It is a process that is used to create lab-grown diamonds. Lab-grown diamonds are diamonds that are created in a laboratory setting, rather than being mined from the earth. The CVD process involves using chemical reactions
to deposit thin layers of carbon onto a substrate, which are then subjected to high temperatures and pressures to transform the carbon into a diamond crystal. In this process, a small seed crystal of diamond is placed in a reaction chamber, and a gas mixture
of methane and hydrogen is introduced. The gas is then subjected to high temperatures and electrical discharges, which causes the carbon atoms in the gas to break apart and bond to the surface of the seed crystal, forming a layer of diamond. As the process
is repeated, the diamond crystal grows larger. The resulting lab-grown diamond is chemically, physically, and optically identical to a natural diamond, but it can be produced much more quickly and at a lower cost than mining a diamond from the earth.
CVD factory growing